Brief introduction to planetary climatology

Today I want to talk about something that I also like a lot, climatology.

As you know, today from 5:15 p.m., a cold front enters the peninsula and, if you do not know it tomorrow morning you will realize.

Many wonder why these things come in suddenly, where they come from and why. That’s what I want to “introduce” you.
Planetary climatology (of all planets, not just ours) is rather simple and based on a few key factors: distance to the star, composition of the atmosphere and composition of the planet.

Each of these factors is influenced by a number of specific sub-factors that make them change, but I am not here to go into details. I am going to particularize it for the Earth, although, it is valid for any other planet.

The distance to the star (in our case, the Sun), is important for two issues: the amount of energy that comes to us (electromagnetic radiation of the star) and the type or particles that it ejects and hit us. At this point not only the type of protons that are “aostian” (spanish word for hit, strike) are important and their quantity but also the speed of rotation of the planet (which indicates the amount of radiation per hour that supports its surface – remember, on one side there is light and And therefore the heat and on the other not, therefore what it collects, is thrown) and the magnetic field of the planet that is the first barrier before so much energy that arrives to us. In the case of Earth the distance and, above all, our magnetosphere causes more than 70-80% to go to the hover (hydrogen protons and alpha particles of helium) and, above all, the heavy nuclei do not enter the Atmospheric layers leaving them about 60 thousand kilometers away.

The atmosphere of the planet is important because depending on its composition absorbs more or less radiation which causes that generate winds that distribute the temperature by all the planet. To this, in our planet, in addition, there is another very very important factor that are the seas, with whose currents they help to generate or not winds that help or not to distribute the temperatures of planetary form.

Here I want to make an important point since the climate change that many people attribute to the radiation that is coming (they are running out of arguments since this does not vary or have changed so much), which is false. Neither the radiation has changed so much as to generate the effects that we are having, nor the cycles of the sun make so much change the point that I have told you before. What has changed and a lot are the jet streams, an effect that we have on our planet (and probably exist in several) about very strong wind currents and important managers of the global temperature of the planet and that are very affected by The sea currents (something that we are loading / changing thanks to the fact that ice sheets, thermometers of the world currents are disappearing).

Finally, an important point is the composition of the planet itself. The composition of the planet is another of the points to, the radiation that the atmosphere lets fall, absorb or repel and, above all, maintain. If the atmosphere is a homogenizer of the temperatures distributed throughout the planetary surface, the planet itself (understood as the composition) is an element that keeps the temperature that the atmosphere leaves it. The composition makes, when it does not absorb direct radiation from the star, it can emit the radiation that has absorbed or that brings temperature to the winds, which, in turn, distribute the temperature. At this point maybe it should have been where you would have done the previous paragraph 🙂

At this point, the rotation of the planet helps and much to give us the index of solana (time that gives the sun) and umbra (time not).

So, mainly planetary temperature is calculated through those three factors that, as you have seen, are based on other co-factors which is what complicates the computation of climatology on a planetary scale.

Returning to the theme of the beginning of the cold front that enters the peninsula; Although they are normal temperatures for these times of the year and you do not have to worry about them, of what if you have to worry is the “because and the method in which it enters”. That is, normal temperatures, yes, as the cold front enters, no.

This cold polar wind front is a quantum of time. A constant of cold temperatures would not be worrisome and if a quantum that indicates that neither the currents of jet are working of standard form sending continuous cold nor, above all, the marine currents absorbing the temperatures and leaving the climatic ridges (the difference between cold And heat) (that is, there are no differences). If you look at the coasts of our country (Spain) the thermal amplitudes (difference of maximum and minimum temperature in a specific time) do not correspond to “normal” since the differences between the high and low are very broad and vertical Time), something more common of climates of interior not bathed by the sea. Which indicates that the sea is absorbing the temperatures very quickly and, they are modifying the marine currents or they are not working of correct form.

In addition, the jet streams do not “carbure” (work) as usual, not only by sending these “temperature quanta” (in this case cold) but by keeping them too long in the same area (7 days, which is what will last in Instead of typical 3 to 5 days). This gives rise to a slowing of these currents that makes extreme times (as in this case the polar front) are more time located on the Earth. All thanks to the fact that the CO2 level (heavier than O2 or N2) causes these atoms to move more costly to these currents) and not to that the electromagnetic energy of our Sun is greater, among other things.